Gin Tama (Japanese: 銀魂, lit. "Silver
Soul") is a Japanese manga written and illustrated by Hideaki Sorachi. Set
in Edo which has been conquered by aliens named Amanto, the plot follows life
from the point of view of samurai Gintoki Sakata, who works as a freelancer
alongside his friends Shinpachi Shimura and Kagura in order to pay the monthly
rent. Sorachi added the science fiction setting to develop characters to his
liking after his editor suggested doing a historical series. It was serialized
in Shueisha's Weekly Shōnen Jump from December 2003 to September 2018, later in
Jump GIGA from December 2018 to February 2019, and finished on the Gin Tama app
in June 2019.
The series has been adapted into an original video animation
(OVA) by Sunrise and was featured at Jump Festa 2006 Anime Tour in 2005. This
was followed by a full 367-episode anime television series, which debuted in
April 2006 on TV Tokyo, and finished in October 2018. Three animated films have
been produced. The first film premiered in April 2010. The second film
premiered in July 2013. The third and final film will premiere in January 2021.
Besides the anime series, there have been various light novels and video games
based on Gin Tama. A live-action film adaptation of the same name was released
in July 2017 in Japan by Warner Bros. Pictures.
The manga has been licensed by Viz Media in North America.
In addition to publishing the individual volumes of the series, Viz serialized
its first chapters in their Shonen Jump manga anthology. It debuted in the
January 2007 issue, and was serialized at a rate of one chapter a month. Sentai
Filmworks initially licensed the series. The website Crunchyroll purchased the
anime's streaming rights and home video rights.
In Japan, the Gin Tama manga has been popular, with over 55
million copies in print, making it one of the best-selling manga series. The
anime and its DVDs have been featured, at various times, in Top Ten rankings of
their respective media, while TV Tokyo has announced that the first Gin Tama
anime was responsible for high sales overseas along with the anime adaptation
from Naruto. Publications for manga, anime and others have commented on the Gin
Tama manga. Positive responses have focused on the comedy and characters from
the series, as well as its overarching plot and action choreography.